A brief introduction to Inner Mongolia, China, the largest deposit and producer of rare earth and mineral resources
Inner Mongolia, located in the northern part of China, is a narrow-long province bordered with Mongolia and Russia in its northern direction. Capital of Inner Mongolia is Hohhot while major cities are Ordos, Baotou and Chifeng. Inner Mongolia is rich in resource reserves, known as “east forest, west ore, south agriculture and north animal husbandry”. The grassland, forest and per capita cultivated land area of Inner Mongolia ranks the first in China. The reserve of rare earth metals ranks the first in the world.
Chinese Name: 内蒙古
Location：Inner Mongolia is in the northern China, its great stretch means that parts of it belong to Northeast China and Northwest China as well
Provincial capital: Hohhot
Area: 1,183,000 km2 (457,000 sq mi)
Famous Cities: Hohhot, Baotou, Ordos, Hunlun Buir
Population: Inner Mongolia is a multi-minority province. Mainly dwelling with Han (Chinese) group. The largest minority lived in this province is the Mongols. Other minorities include the Hui (Chinese Muslims), Manchu, Daur (Dawo’er) Mongols, Evenk (Ewenki, or Ewenke), Koreans, and Oroqen (Elunchun) peoples.
Animal Husbandry Resources
Inner Mongolia is an important animal husbandry production base in China. The total grassland area is 866.67 million hectares, of which 68 million hectares are available grassland, accounting for a quarter of the total grassland area in China. By 2010, there are a total of six famous prairies, and they are Inner Mongolia Hulun Buir, Xilingol, Khorchin, Wulanchabu, Ordos and Wulagai prairies. On them grows 1000 feeding plants, and more than 100 feeding plants with high feeding value and strong palatability. In particular, grasses such as leymus, festuca, ice grass, soda-grass, wild oat and legume grass are very suitable for raising livestock.
The Inner Mongolia autonomous region is the province where most new minerals are found in China. Since 1958, China has obtained international recognition of more than 50 new minerals, of which 10 are found in Inner Mongolia, including NdFeB magnete material, barium-ferrite, Baotou ore, Yellow River ore, saolun stone, mercury lead ore, xing’an stone, Daqingshan ore, Xilingol ore, Erlian stone and Bayan’obo ore. Thanks for its rich iron ore, Baotou Steel has developed into the top 5 manufacruer and supplier of seamless steel pipes and other products in China. Baotou bayan’obo mine is the largest rare earth mine in the world. Baiyun obo mine of baotou iron & steel group co., LTD. is a remarkable multi-metal ore of iron, rare earth, niobium and thorium, etc. It is the largest iron deposit in northwest China, ranking first in rare earth reserves and second in niobium and thorium reserves. By 1997, proved reserves of rare earth oxides accounted for 76% of the world’s total, including Y2O3, HO2O3, Dy2O3, Eu2O3, Tb2O3, CeO2, La2O3, Pr6O11, (PrNd)xOy, etc. The mine contains 172 kinds of minerals, making it the mine with the largest number of mineral species in the world. By 2006, 135 kinds of minerals had been discovered and 83 kinds of proved reserves were found, 5 kinds of minerals with the largest reserves in China, 28 kinds of minerals with the top three kinds in China and 67 kinds of minerals with the top ten kinds in China. Rare earth reserves are the world’s largest, with coal reserves of 701.6 billion tons, the largest in China, and natural gas reserves of 790.3 billion cubic meters. The sulige gas field in the Ordos basin is one of the few onshore super-large gas fields discovered in China as of 2010. The total power from wind energy is 101 million kilowatts, ranking first in China.